MitM attacks could be used to steal login credentials or personal information, spy on the victim, sabotage communications, or corrupt data, among other things.
An attack’s purpose is to steal personal data such as login credentials, account information, and credit card numbers. Users of financial apps, SaaS enterprises, e-commerce sites, and other websites that require signing in are typical targets.
Though encryption helps defend against MitM, successful attackers may either reroute traffic to phishing sites that appear legitimate or just transfer traffic onto its intended destination once captured or recorded, making detection extremely difficult.
What is the man in the middle attack and how they work
MitM attacks are one of the most common types of cybercrime. Since the early 1980s, computer scientists have been researching strategies to prevent threat actors from tampering with or eavesdropping on communications. Being the best Network security company in India, DataSpace Security also provides the best Ethical hacking course in Kolkata.
Network interception attacks include sitting between two parties’ connections and either watching or altering communications. This could be accomplished by interfering with real networks or constructing fictitious networks under the attacker’s control. The attacker then strips the traffic of any encryption to steal, modify, or reroute it to the attacker’s preferred destination (such as a phishing log-in site). Because attackers may be quietly observing or re-encrypting captured traffic before sending it to its intended destination.
Depending on the purpose and purpose, a meet in the middle attack can involve a wide range of strategies and outcomes. In SSL stripping, for example, attackers create an HTTPS connection with the server but an unprotected HTTP connection with the user, resulting in data being delivered in plain text without encryption.
There are seven different forms of man-in-the-middle attacks. MITM attacks can be used in a variety of ways by cybercriminals to obtain control of machines.
1. IP spoofing is one of the most common types of spoofing.
Every device connected to the internet is assigned an internet protocol (IP) address, which is equivalent to your home’s street address. An attacker can fool you into thinking you’re interacting with a website by faking your IP address. Computer data protection service is also needed for extra security.
2. Spoofing of the DNS
DNS spoofing, also known as domain name server spoofing, is a technique that directs a person to a bogus website rather than the one they intended to view. When you’re a victim of DNS spoofing, you may believe you’re accessing a safe, trusted website when you’re dealing with a scammer. The attacker’s purpose to divert traffic away from the legitimate site or obtain user login information.
3. spoofing HTTPS
When doing business on the internet, the presence of “HTTPS” rather than “HTTP” in the URL indicates that the website is secure and trustworthy. The letter “S” actually stands for “secure.” Your browser can be tricked into thinking it’s visiting a reputable website when it isn’t. The attacker can monitor your interactions with an unsafe website by diverting your browser to it.
4. Theft of SSL
When your device connects to an insecure server (denoted by “HTTP”), the server will frequently redirect you to the secure version (indicated by “HTTPS”). When you connect to a secure server, you can rest assured that conventional security mechanisms are in place to protect the information you share with them.
An SSL stripping hijacking occurs when an attacker uses a different computer and a secure server to intercept all data flowing between the server and the user’s computer.
5. Email snooping
Cybercriminals occasionally target banks and other financial institutions’ email accounts. They will be able to monitor transactions between the institution and its consumers after they have gained access.
The attackers can then deliver their instructions to consumers by impersonating the bank’s email address. This persuades the consumer to obey the attackers rather than the bank’s directions. As a result, an unwitting buyer may unwittingly place money in the hands of the attackers. The CCNA training in Kolkata presented by DataSpace Academy is one of the best courses one can go for.
6. Eavesdropping on Wi-Fi
Cybercriminals can set up Wi-Fi networks with names that sound incredibly authentic, such as a nearby business. When a user connects to a fraudster’s Wi-Fi, the attacker can watch the victim’s online activities and intercept login passwords, payment card details, and other sensitive information. This is only one of the many dangers of utilizing public Wi-Fi. More information about such dangers can be found here. The best ethical hacking and networking course in Kolkata can be done from the best Network security company in India, DataSpace Academy.
7. Taking cookies from your browser
To comprehend the dangers of stolen browser cookies, you must first comprehend what one is. A browser cookie is a little piece of data stored on your computer by a website.
An online merchant, for example, might save your personal information and shopping cart items in a cookie, so you don’t have to re-enter them when you return.
How can you protect yourself from a man-in-the-middle attack?
If you are wondering about how to prevent an eavesdropping attack, then here is your answer. Because cybercriminals have so many tools at their disposal for man-in-the-middle attacks, It’s only natural to take precautions to protect your devices, data, and connections. Here are a few examples.
- Ensure that the URL bar of the websites you visit always says “HTTPS” (with the S).
- Be cautious of phishing emails from attackers requesting that you change your password or other login credentials. Instead of clicking on the email’s link, input the website’s address into your browser manually.
- If at all possible, avoid connecting directly to public Wi-Fi routers. A VPN encrypts your internet connection on public hotspots to safeguard the confidential data you send and receive, such as passwords and credit card information, when utilizing public Wi-Fi.
- Because MITB attacks primarily rely on malware to carry out their attacks, you should install a complete internet protection solution like Norton Security.
It’s critical to understand the types of dangers that could undermine the online security of your personal information in our quickly expanding linked environment. Keep yourself informed and ensure your devices are properly secured with the best ethical hacking course in Kolkata presented by DataSpace Academy.